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  • apss-2014
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RESORT KOTOR

Reinventing Tourist Town After the era of All-Inclusive Holidays

APSS 2014 will be based on the topic of tourist resorts. A resort is a place for relaxation or recreation, attracting visitors for vacations or other types of tourism. Resorts are places, towns, or sometimes commercial establishments operated by a single company.

APSS 2014 will question established nature and spatial character of tourist resorts, which have become the most common typology of the contemporary tourist development, characterized by independence of the cultural, natural and historical characteristics of local places. Tourist resorts are everywhere today, on the ocean, in the mountains, in the rural countryside and in old towns. They may differ in their architectural styles, grafted by local vernacular, but essentially they operate in a similar manner; they are oases with more or less permeable borders to their neighborhoods, which provide safe, but controlled and animated leisure life for their visitors. Their architectural settings are developed on internationally proven leisure patterns, which usually discourage experimentation and testing. Their service offers a catalogue of more or less expected activities, including food, sport and wellness. The tourist resorts often end up in a contradiction to their primal essence: they need to follow conventional norms of settings and service, while at the same time providing enough diversity in order to be identified as particular and special.

Tourist resorts tend not to include local inhabitants as part of their public. They tend to perform as ‘another world’ dedicated to non-locals. The locals and non-tourist migrants provide the service.
APSS 2014 will, through a series of mapping, brainstorming and analysis, challenge strategies of tourist resort development.
APSS 2014 will test scenarios for a new type of a tourist resort on the abandoned area behind and around the abandoned Fjord hotel.
APSS 2014 will continue with approaches to active and non-standard re-use of existing buildings as developed for the hotel Fjord during APSS2013

PEOPLE

Mentor Bostjan Vuga graduated from the Faculty of Architecture in Ljubljana (1992) and continued his post graduate studies at the AA School of Architecture in London. In 1996 Jurij Sadar and Bostjan Vuga cofounded architectural office SADAR+VUGA. Over the past eighteen years it has focused on open, innovative and integral architectural design and urban planning. He regularly lectures at architectural schools, conferences, and symposia in Slovenia and abroad. In 2003 he was a studio tutor at the Berlage Institute in Rotterdam. He was a visiting critic at AA London, the Bauhaus Kolleg in Dessau, the IAAC in Barcelona, the ETH in Zürich, the Universität für Angewandte Kunst Wien and the Academy of Visual Arts Vienna. Bostjan Vuga was a guest professor at the Adip, TU in Berlin. Currently Mr. Vuga is a guest professor at Münster school of architecture. Beside receiving numerous awards for his work, he has been awarded the University of Ljubljana Recognition for the artistic work. Mr.Vuga has been elected commissioner and curator of the Montenegro Pavilion at the 14th International Architecture Exhibition-la Biennale di Venezia. Bostjan Vuga  participated in two issues of AB architectural bulletin magazine as guest editor, he has been the editor of TU Berlin ADIP (architecture design innovation program) Magazines PLACEHOLDERS, PLACE-ACTIVATOR, PLACEMAKER and PLACETAKER among publishing numerous articles about current events in architecture and urban planning in diverse publications.

Mentor Simon Hartmann was born in Bern1974, Switzerland | 1994–2000 Studies in Architecture at ETH Lausanne, TU Berlin and ETH Zurich; Masters at EPF Lausanne with Prof. V. Mangeat | 2000–2003 Collaboration with Rolf Furrer Architekten, Basel | 2002–2007 Teaching assistant at the ETH Studio Basel with Prof. Jaques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron, Roger Diener, Marcel Meili | 2003 Founding of HHF architects, Basel | 2009–2011 Professor at the HTA Fribourg | 2010 BSA member | Since 2011 Professor at the the Joint Master of Architecture course, Fribourg | 2011 Visiting professor at the University of Innsbruck, Austria.

Mentor Milica Topalovic Assistant Professor of Architecture and Territorial Planning at the ETH Future Cities Laboratory. In 2011 at the FCL, Milica formed Architecture of Territory, a research and design studio investigating territorial urbanization. After receiving her Master’s from the Berlage Institute, she joined the ETH Studio Basel in 2006 where she conducted a research program on international cities. Her work comprises different perspectives, from urban research to architecture and spatial installation.

Lecturer APSS Talk Conference Matthias Armengaud. Founding member and director of AWP, Matthias is in charge, since 2003, of the practice’s architectural, landscape and urban projects both in France and internationally (Scandinavia, Italy, Switzerland, China, etc), focusing on public spaces, cultural facilities, infrastructures and large-scale masterplanning. He is currently working on a  several-year mission for Defacto to develop the masterplan for the development of all urban spaces in the La Défense CBD, and another mission for the state of Geneva concerning the masterplanning of all public spaces and mobility for the 230ha Praille-Acacias-Vernets area, in the south of Geneva, as well as for the construction of the Evry wastewater treatment plant and that of cultural facilities in Bois le Roi, France. He collaborates regularly with Dominique Perrault (retail towers, harbours, museum projects) and with ADPI (the architecture deparment of the Paris Airport company), both in France and internationally. Founder of the “Troll” label and responsible for several strategic studies about nighttime mobility for the City on the Move Institute and the municipalities of Rome, Copenhagen, Malmö, Paris, Brussels, Barcelona, Helsinki, Rome, Toronto and Belgrade, he is also founding director of MTMA, and urban trends forecasting agency, and a consultant for future cities for several institutions. Currently associate professor at ENSA Versailles (FR) and visiting professor at The Berlage (NL) and at Cornell University (US), Matthias has been invited to lecture and chair juries at several architecture universities (the Engineering and Architecture school of Fribourg, 2011, the EPFL in Lausanne, 2009, the ENSA Versailles, 2008, the “Extraordinary Landscapes” master’s program at Politecnico de Milano, 2006-08, Elisava Barcelona, 2005, Marne-la-Vallée Architecture School, 2003-05, among others). He won first place at the Forum des jeunes architects in 2000; the Tony Garnier urban planning prize organized by the French Academy of Architecture in 2001; the French Ministry of Culture prize for Best Young Architects in 2006, and the French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainability, Transport and Housing, PJU urban planning award in 2010, Matthias is a graduate from the Versailles School of Architecture, and founded AWP in Paris in 2003.

Jörg Stollmann lives and works in Zurich and Berlin. He is co-founder of urbaninform.net with Rainer Hehl and Professor at the Chair for Urban Design and Urbanization at the TU Berlin. His work focuses on cooperative design strategies and socially and environmentally just urban development. Research projects in the field of education and urban development: Akademie einer neuen Gropiusstadt, Soko Klima. 2002-2008, he was principal of INSTANT Architects with Dirk Hebel. He taught at the ETH Zurich in the MAS Landscape Architecture and was directing the MAS Urban Design. Jörg Stollmann graduated from the University of the Arts Berlin and Princeton University. He received awards and fellowships by DAAD, Graham Foundation, German Academy in Rome, Red Dot Award, and Van Alen New York. www.cud.tu-berlin.de www.urbaninform.net www.akademie-einer-neuen-gropiusstadt.de

Bart Lootsma (Amsterdam, 1957) is a historian, theoretician, critic and curator in the fields of architecture, design and the visual arts. He is a Professor for Architectural Theory and Head of the Institute for Architectural Theory, History and Heritage Preservation at the University of Innsbruck. He was Guest Professor for Architecture, European Urbanity and Globalization at the University of Luxemburg; at the Academy of Visual Arts in Vienna; at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Nürnberg; at the University of Applied Arts in Vienna; at the Berlage Institute in Rotterdam and Head of Scientific Research at the ETH Zürich, Studio Basel. He was Head of the Department of 3D-Design at the Academy of Arts in Arnheim and held numerous seminars and lectured at different academies for architecture and art in the Netherlands. Bart Lootsma was guest curator of ArchiLab 2004 in Orléans. He was an editor of ao. Forum, de Architect, ARCHIS, ARCH+, l’Architecture d’Aujourd’hui, Daidalos, DOMUS and GAM. Bart Lootsma published numerous articles in magazines and books. Together with Dick Rijken he published the book ‚Media and Architecture’ (VPRO/Berlage Institute, 1998). His book ‘SuperDutch’, on contemprary architecture in the Netherlands, was published by Thames & Hudson, Princeton Architectural Press, DVA and SUN in the year 2000; ‘ArchiLab 2004 The Naked City’ by HYX in Orléans in 2004 and ’Reality Bytes’ by Ambra in 2014. Bart Lootsma is Board Member of  architektur und tirol in Innsbruck and reserve-member of the Council for Architectural Culture at the Cabinet of the Austrian Prime Minister in Vienna. He was a member of several governemental, semi-governemmental and municipal committees in different countries, such as the Amenities Committee in Arnheim, the Rotterdam Arts Council, the Dutch Fund for Arts, Design and Architecture, Crown Member of the Dutch Culture Council, Member of the Expert Committee 11. International Architecture Biennale, Venice 2008, at the German Ministry for Building and Planning as well as curator of the Schneider Forberg Foundation in Munich.

Maroje Mrduljas is architecture critic, editor of Oris magazine. He is architect, critic and author. His books include Modernism-in-Between: Mediatory Architectures of Socialist Yugoslavia, Testing reality – Contemporary Croatian Architecture and Design and independent culture. He contributed to several edited volumes including Holidays After the Fall and Team X East - Revisionist Architecture in Real Existing Modernism and published numerous texts on architecture, urbanism and design in leading international magazines. Mrduljas curated exhibitions Lifting the Curtain – Central European Architectural Networks, Unfinished Modernisations – Between Utopia and Pragmatism, Architecture as Landscape, Continuity of Modernity and others. In 2009 Mrduljas established a long-term collaborative research platform Unfinished modernisations (with Vladimir Kulic) which investigates architecture and urban phenomena in the region of former Yugoslavia from post-WWII period till today. Mrduljas is editor of Oris magazine for architecture and culture based in Zagreb.

Vedran Mimica was born in Zagreb, Croatia, in 1954, and was granted a Diploma as an architect-engineer (1979) from the university of Zagreb, Faculty of Architecture. Upon graduating he attended several post-graduated courses, in Diocletian palace in Split (1979-1981), in Plecnik’s Ljubljana (1984) and at the Technical University in Delft (1983,1985-1986 and 1990-1991). Vedran Mimica joined the Berlage Institute Amsterdam as Project Co-ordinator in January 1991, by the invitation from Herman Hertzberger who was the founder and the first Dean of the Institute. From 1995 he was appointed as a full time Course Director (during Hertzberger deanship), Assistant Dean (during Arets deanship) and Associated Dean (during Alejandro Zaera-Polo deanship). He was Director at the Berlage Institute responsible for creating the educational programme, composing the curriculum and guiding research activities from 2007 to its closure in 2012. After working at the Berlage Institute for 22 years, Vedran accepted the invitation by Dean Arets to join him in Chicago at IIT College of Architecture where he will work as Professor, Associated Dean of Research and the Director of Master of Science programs. Vedran has been lecturer, visiting critic and examiner at numerous schools of architecture all over the world. Among others at Architectural Association, London, ETH, Zurich, University Paris IV- Sorbonne, Paris, Strelka, Moscow, Columbia University, New York, MIT, Boston, SciArch and UCLA, Los Angeles, Tsinghua, Beijing, Tongji, Shanghai, UN University, Tokyo, Catholic University of Chile, Santiago, University Torcuatto di Tella, Buenos Aires and Technion, Haifa. Vedran Mimica is active as a writer on architecture and architectural education. He published, edited and contributed to the production of several books: "Notes on Children, Environment and Architecture", Delft, Publicatieburo Bouwkunde, -1992. "Randic&Turato, The Architecture of Transition", Zagreb, Arhitekst,- 2000. "Croatian Archipelago New Lighthouses" , Zagreb, Croatian Architects Association/Berlage Institute,-2005. "Contemporary Croatian Architecture: Testing Reality", Zagreb, Arhitekst,- 2007. "The Berlage Survey of the Culture, Education, and Practice of Architecture and Urbanism", Rotterdam, NAi Publishers/Berlage Institute,-2010. Vedran wrote more than 100 articles on architecture, education and culture, published in books and magazines like: Domus, Hunch, Architectur Aktuell, Architecture-Seoul,  Abitare, AB-Ljubljana,  Man and Space-Zagreb, Oris- Zagreb. Vedran is the regular member of the numerous national and international architectural competitions. He is an independent expert for the European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture - Mies van der Rohe Award from 2003. Vedran served as a judge in the Design Project Category for 2007 RIBA President's Medals Student Awards. Vedran is extensively engaged in the curatorial activities such as Croatian exhibition as well as the Barlage Institute exhibition at the 10thVenice Biennale. He was a head of the curatorial team for the 3rd International architecture Rotterdam Biennale 2007.

Nebojsa Adzic, graduated from Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade (1999). From 2003-2008th worked as an assistant during a process of development of the Faculty of Architecture in Podgorica. With a project of his own family house represented  Montenegro for the Mies van der Roche Award in 2011. He is a current president of the Union of Architects of Montenegro and founder of the First Montenegrin Salon of architecture. He is one of the first architects in Montenegro, who promoted the application of the principles of sustainable, ecological and energy efficient design through practical work. Currently involved in a project of urban renewal of his home town Niksic. Nebojsa is also the editor of  "Architecture" magazine and has several published books.

Borislav Vukicevic was born in 1964. He gained his knowledge in field of architecture at the Architecture faculty University of Zagreb and Belgrade Faculty of Architecture. He is at his PhD studies at the Architecture faculty University of Zagreb, course – Architecture and Urbanism. Borislav is a teaching assistant at Faculty of Arts and Faculty of Polytechnics at the University Donja Gorica in Podgorica. He is also and architectural critic, who writes for a weekly edition of newspaper Vijesti, called“Art”. He is also writing for several Montenegrin and international magazines. He  curated “Montenegrin architecture of the 20th century “, an exhibition for 2010 BINA(Belgrade International Week of Architecture)

Dijana Vucinic is a practicing architect. She recently founded DVARP (www.dvarp.me), an interdisciplinary architectural and design practice with projects that range from urban design and residential buildings to stage design. Her work is based on research about the urban conditions of developing tourism areas on the coast and mountains of Montenegro. DVARP focuses on creating innovative and integral architectural design. In their work DVARP introduces structures and spaces that reveal complex process of final answer and critical thinking. She is also the founder of the Kotor Architectural Prison Summer School (www.kotorapss.me) a platform in Kotor, Montenegro, for further research and development of urban structures. Since 2011, APSS has been investigating ways to redefine the relationship between the architectural and the urban scales in Montenegrin coastal cities and to improve the urban context through new approaches to urban planning and design. Vucinic is a Commissioner and Co-curator of Treasures in disguise - Montenegro pavilion at 14th Venice Biennale of Architecture (http://treasures-in-disguise.net). The Montenegro Pavilion at the 14th Venice Architecture Biennale presents four examples of late-modernist architecture that were built in Montenegro between 1960 and 1986. When these buildings were first constructed, they radiated their builders’ enthusiasm and confidence about the new society they were building. She writes for several periodicals and scholarly publications in Montenegro and is also a co-founder and member of the Urbanism and Architecture Association of Montenegro.

Kotor APSS 2014 TEAM

  • Marija Icevic / Production Director / Project Coordinator
  • Milo Radonjic / Communications
  • Jovana Miljanic / Project Assistant / Foreign Student Coordinator
  • Jelena Scepanovic / Montenegrin Student Coordinator
  • Luka Boskovic / Art Director
  • Ivan Cojbasic / Tech Support / Photo and Video Production
  • Nemanja Milicevic / Tech Support / Project Assistant

Gallery

 

save1 KOTOR APSS 2014 program (download .pdf 606KB)

APSS EVENTS


Introduction PANEL | RESORT KOTOR | July 10  | 20:00 | @Old Austrian Prison

     Milica Topalovic / ETH Zurich / Singapore , Switzeland
     Bostjan Vuga / Sadar+Vuga / Slovenia
     Simon Hartmann / HHF architects / Switzerland
     Maroje Mrduljas / AF Zagreb
     Dijana Vucinic / DVARP / Montenegro
    
APSS 2014 will be based on the topic of tourist resorts. A resort is a place for relaxation or recreation, attracting visitors for vacations or other types of tourism. Resorts are places, towns, or sometimes commercial establishments operated by a single company.
APSS 2014 will question established nature and spatial character of tourist resorts, which have become the most common typology of the contemporary tourist development, characterized by independence of the cultural, natural and historical characteristics of local places. Tourist resorts are everywhere today, on the ocean, in the mountains, in the rural countryside and in old towns. They may differ in their architectural styles, grafted by local vernacular, but essentially they operate in a similar manner; they are oases with more or less permeable borders to their neighborhoods, which provide safe, but controlled and animated leisure life for their visitors. Their architectural settings are developed on internationally proven leisure patterns, which usually discourage experimentation and testing. Their service offers a catalogue of more or less expected activities, including food, sport and wellness. The tourist resorts often end up in a contradiction to their primal essence: they need to follow conventional norms of settings and service, while at the same time providing enough diversity in order to be identified as particular and special.
Tourist resorts tend not to include local inhabitants as part of their public. They tend to perform as ‘another world’ dedicated to non-locals. The locals and non-tourist migrants provide the service. APSS 2014 will, through a series of mapping, brainstorming and analysis, challenge strategies of tourist resort development.  APSS 2014 will test scenarios for a new type of a tourist resort on the abandoned area behind and around the abandoned Fjord hotel.APSS 2014 will continue with approaches to active and non-standard re-use of existing buildings as developed for the hotel Fjord during APSS2013

Lecture by Maroje Mrduljas | July 10 | 21:00 | @Old Austrian Prison

Since the 1960s the Yugoslav Adriatic coast became a popular tourist destination and one of the places where citizens from Western and Eastern Europe could freely meet. The rapid development of an economically deprived littoral was one of the strategic priorities of former Yugoslavia. Hotels and tourist resorts emerged as one of the most exciting investigative topics for architects, resulting in a quick evolution of architectural typologies and urban design concepts. Tourism in Croatia during socialist Yugoslavia was able to set in motion a dual process that on one hand lead to an important contribution to post WWII modernist architecture culture, and on the other built productive “lucrative landscapes” open to public. Tourism was a fundamental modernizing device which introduced not only spatially well-articulated tourist resorts but contributed to the process of reconfiguration of coastal region. The landscape arrangements, infrastructure and programmatic offer of this legacy often constitute valuable resources of civic space for both guests and local communities. Today, tourism industry in Croatia still capitalizes on the recycles of tourism infrastructure largely developed during socialist Yugoslavia. Modernist tourist environments, particular ‘parallel cities’, act like morphological antipodes to the informal, unplanned coastal development that we see as the reverse side of modernization.

TiD Panel | Treasures in Disquise | July 11 | 20:30 | @Old Austrian Prison

    Maroje Mrduljas / AF Zagreb
    Vedran Mimica / IIT Chicago
    Nebojsa Adzic / SACG / Montenegro
    Borislav Vukicevic / architect and journalist / Montenegro
    Milica Topalovic / ETH Zurich / Singapore, Switzerland
    Simon Hartmann / HHF architects / Switzerland
    Bostjan Vuga / Sadar+Vuga / Slovenia
    Dijana Vucinic / DVARP / Montenegro
    
The Montenegro Pavilion at the 14th Venice Architecture Biennale presents four examples of late-modernist architecture that were built in Montenegro between 1960 and 1986. When these buildings were first constructed, they radiated their builders’ enthusiasm and confidence about the new society they were building. Only a few decades later, these buildings embody the complete opposite: poorly used (if at all) and maintained (if ever completed), they are a testament to the failure of modernism. Nobody seems to be able to recognize any value in them; hence, their fate seems sealed: decay and demolition.
But how can something that was born out of such collective optimism lose its promise in such a short period of time? Is the demise of these buildings really due to an intrinsic lack of quality, or have we been unable to treat them with enough empathy to find the dormant potential that might be hidden underneath the patina of our own ideological disenchantment with modernism?

Lecture by Vedran Mimica | July 11 | 21:30 | @Old Austrian Prison

Do(n't) Try This at Home is a lecture about the phenomenon of global tourism industry and the impact it has on local communities. The lecture will also address the position of tourism resorts as models of new urbanization. Mimica will present project Croatian Archipelago New Lighthouses as well as projects on tourism development done by Berlage Institute.

APSS FINALE | July 18 – 19

Open prison night | Final PANEL | RESORT KOTOR | July 18 | 21:00 | @Old Austrian Prison    

    Minister Branimir Gvozdenovic/ Ministry of sustainable development and tourism
    Milica Topalovic / ETH Zurich /  Singapore, Switzerland
    Simon Hartmann / HHF architects / Switzerland
    Bostjan Vuga / Sadar+Vuga / Slovenia
    Matthias Armengaud / AWP / France
    Bart Lootsma / University of Innsbruck / Netherlands
    Kersten Geers / KGDVS / Belgium
    Jörg Stollmann / TU Berlin/ Germany
    Dijana Vucinic / DVARP / Montenegro

APSS Talk Conference | July 19 | 10:00 | @Hotel Fjord    

     Minister Branimir Gvozdenovic/ Ministry of sustainable development and tourism
     Matthias Armengaud / AWP / France
     Bart Lootsma / University of Innsbruck / Netherlands
     Kersten Geers / KGDVS / Belgium
     Jörg Stollmann / TU Berlin/ Germany
    moderators:
    Dijana Vucinic / DVARP / Montenegro